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We can use the concepts of natural rights, zombies, monarchy, and fear and terror to understand the ideas behind political revolutions and governance. For instance, one of the main causes of the French Revolution was that the citizens were unhappy with the way they were being treated since they felt that it was in violation of their natural rights. In addition, Haitians believed in the freedom of all the citizens in Haiti, also following John Locke’s statements on natural rights. In the context of zombies, French citizens were overworked, hungry, and forced to pay higher taxes which led to the possibility of them feeling like zombies. In the Haititan Revolution, the enslaved people in what was then Saint Domingue worked endlessly everyday to the point where they feared becoming zombies. However, this fear led to them fighting for their freedom during the revolution, and they were successful in doing so. By focusing on how monarchy impacted the French Revolution, the people in France were unhappy with the French monarchy because of the way it was raising the taxes of the citizens to help get France out of bankruptcy. In addition, the Haititan Revolution was also caused by the French monarchy because the revolution was not only against slavery in Haiti, but also against some of the new ideas that were taking root in France as well. Finally, fear and terror applies to both the French and Haititan Revolutions because the leaders of these revolutions used these concepts to spread their ideas of rebellion and revolt against the government. As we can see, these concepts of natural rights, zombies, monarchy, and fear and terror are all closely related to and play a large role in the French and Haititan Revolutions. They influenced a lot of the reasoning behind the revolutions and were even apparent afterwards when new governments were formed.



As was exemplified by the preceding essays, these four political philosophies of Natural Rights, Zombies, Fear and Terror, and Monarchy, were large contributing factors to the French and Haitian revolutions. Natural Rights were utilized and claimed by each of the above parties to gain their liberty from the tyrannical rule of the French government. The desire for equality and fair treatment regardless of economic status was so powerful in both societies that they were driven to revolt and include Natural Rights thinking in each of their new constitutions. When paired with Zombie ideology, that one of no mind, no soul, may fight with all of their being with nothing to lose, the forces of the enslaved people of Haiti and the French Proletariat were empowered to fight tirelessly against their oppressors. This ties again into Fear and Terror, considering how both armies violently and forcefully wrenched their freedom from the grasps of the monarchs. Terror was properly abused by both sides of each conflict, with the French monarchs brutally terrorizing the Haitian enslaved people and increasing the prices of common goods and worsening conditions of the lower class French. This, in turn, adds to Thomas Hobbes’s thoughts on monarchy, specifically how when monarchs stray from the path of improving the quality of life of their citizens, they lose their right to rule over others. These political philosophies are vital to comprehend while researching revolt. As shown time and time again, these exhibit the motivations, justifications, and reasoning of people in time of revolution.